By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on February 12, 2020, Updated February 16, 2020
The words "foot" and Turkish "ayak" sound completely different, but can they be related? The answer : Words for foot and leg in world languages
Etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Earth in world languages connect five continents
Part I: It's not only the word for earth that connects world languages. Let's talk sweet : Honey and mead in world languages
Part II: The words for bee, honeybee across Eurasia, Africa, America and Ocenia show deep and ancient connections.
Part III: Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the word for bee and pure Of bees and humans: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part IV Paleolinguistics honey, bee, licking Of bees and languages: from Paleolithic to Antiquity.
Part V: Pelasgians Identified, Midas, Phrygia -Etruscan connection confirmed Linguistics, Mythology, Archaeology and Genetics combined as usual!
PART VI Beekeeping and bee related words From the Altai to Kura -Araxes Beekeeping and bee related words
PART VII Linguistics and the latest genetics
PART VIII Paleolinguistics Common Stone Age roots of the words for vessel, shell, cover, grasp and others
PART IX Sun Language Theory, Paleolinguistics: Sun Language Theory: Vessel captures water
Etymology of the words Aryan, Arya, and ArjoArcheogenetics science is changing history books. Recent search has revealed previously unknown ancient peoples, mixing of people and ancient migrations.
In Early Uralic Indo-European contacts within Europe Carlos Quiles and blogger Chetan discuss Whether the word "Aryan" from Sanskrit "Arya" meaning "noble" is an original Indo-European word or a word originally from Uralic languages *orja .
Before we look into the origins of these two words let's look at a few words from around Eurasia supposedly from unrelated languages:
|| Ur: Man, He Era: Leader
|| Er: Man Ur: Lord
|| Ar: Male
|| Er: Soldier, hero Erkek: Man Ur:Lord
||Yrkö: Man, son|
||Erɣe: son, boy|
||Wer: Man (as in werewolf)|
These are some languages from different families, from Siberia to Spain from Mesopotamia to Europe.
As you see, consonant "R" in its most simple forms with only one vowel were from 3000BC on at the latest, probably as early as 15000 years ago, were related to Man/Leader/Hero.
We should also add Sumerian cities, that have the same construction as the words in the table above:
Urukug (See Urukug, Lagash)
As a related sidenote, also note that the most simple sounds with "R" like "Ur/ar" are also related to the word for Earth in world languages in five continents including the word "earth" itself. And Sumerians believed humans were made of mud/earth, so man/earth sound likeness reflects mythology. Two of the oldest and biggest Sumerian cities were Ur and Uruk.
"Ar" in "Arya" is related to that R as we shall see.
-ya in AryaAs you can see in the above table Turkish word "erkek", Uralic languages Fİnnish "Yrkö", Mari Erɣe have all a suffix: er+kek, Yr+kö and Er+ɣe.
Moreover "ɣe" in the Mari word for son, boy, being the same as Turkish "ğe" which is known to become "ye" or "ke". Also note "-kek" in the Turkish word from a duplication of ek+ek (eğ+eğ) and is also found in other words: the word for donkey "eş" becomes "eşgek", and "eş" is the same as the Old Armenian word for "donkey" as well as same for Hurrian word horse "eşşa" (from eş via known consonant duplication found in Hurri, Turukku etc. See PIE word for Horse). Note how Sumerian city Urukug has the same suffix "ukug" as in erkek (er+kek) which is similar to Turkish man.
Hence, we can easily see that "ya" in "Arya" is the same as the "ağ/ğa/ya". We know Old Persian "ariya" hence we can easily see it was "Uğa" or "Ağa".Sumerian-ENglish dictionary says "Uğ" means people, and I should add, lineage, descent, relationship as well.
The word "Aya" means "father" in Sumerian, Turkish "Ağa" the same word means "tribal leader" and "father". Note that Proto-Indo-Europeans were patriarchal and patriarchy was already taking hold in Eurasia since millenia. Hence the word for father as well as suffix "uğ" meaning people is important and points to a connection among civilizations like the ancient DNA tests showed.
Hence Arya could be Ar+Aya/Ağa (man/hero plus father) or Ar+Uğa. The important thing is, this sound is also found in Hittite "vaatar" and English "water" through Uğa+Atar I had already shown. For more see: Water, father, Mother. (Sidenote: "Atar" is also found in Latin a(tor) as in Cantor (singer),"-er" in English words singer, worker, dancer etc.)
So we can see that the Turkish Erkek, Mari Erɣe, Finnish Yrkö, Mari Erɣe, Sumerian Uruk are cognates (similar) with Indo-Iran Arya, Uralic orja in both root and suffix as well as the final meaning:
Turkish Ugur, Huur (Hurrian), Hungarian Ugor from which the word Ugric derives from, are all similar words.
We see two sound bits "uğ/ğu" meaning "people/family/tribe" and "Ur" meaning man and its combinations and variations.
That's pretty cool because with the migration and population interaction data from genetics we can actually derive linguistic interaction even when we have no written records! We can even look into their mythologies in language.
Sumerian is key as we have the oldest records from them, though Hurrian and Elamite also need to be considered.
Proto-Indo-European word "-per" meaning first, Turkish word "bir" meaning oneIn Early Uralic Indo-European contacts wthin Europe we see that the Old Irish word "aire" meaning "noble, free man" may be connected to Indo-Iranian "Arya" and also a suggestion to connect it to proto-Indo-European per meaning "first" which is the same as the Turkish word "bir" meaning one.
Moreover, another PIE reconstruction as "*pr̥h₃-" would also be in line with the Turkish word as "bir+uğ > pirh" though this is not attested and today it is "birinci" from "bir+inci/indi".
Bee and PureIn Turkish, the word for "bee" and "pure" is one and same.
"Arı/Aruğ" formed by adding two sounds: Ar+uğ=Aruğ (Arı).
This word is almost the same as Arağ - Arğa - Arya. The stem "Ar" is closely related to "pride and dignity" in Turkish. This is in line with other Turkish words Er=man, hero, Ur=Lord, Uri=boy, Ure=breed/grow. Sumerian word "ur" also means "harvest" and "base" and clearly in line with the names of the ancient Sumerian cities Ur and Uruk. Needless to say all of this clearly show patriarchy, but women's role in Sumer was prominent too. some Inanna poems, as well as her being both a love and war god prove this fact beyond any doubt!
We know both in Greek and Sanskrit mythologies how bees and purity were related. For more, please see: " Bee Mythology and dual meaning of the word for bee and pure: Of bees and humans: from Paleolithic to Antiquity".
In late Russian scholar Sergei Staroıstin's Nostratic / Borean dictionary the word for "bee" is given as the word *ṗVrV and is found in many other languages around the world, such as Eurasia, North and SOuth America, Africa. How did this happen?
Note how this Nostratic word can be seen as p+ari form as seen in the Altaic reconstruction in the database. SO the prefix does not change the meaning but the original is "aruğ". Latin word "purus" from which English word "pure" derives from seems connected too.
The "AR" in Greek gods Aristaeus and Artemis, Albanian word for gold "ar", Latin word for gold "aurum" Old English word "ar" which means "honour, glory, grace" all seem to be connected on both meaning and sound to the words for bee and pure. Hence German word "ehre" (honour) is connected to Arya as the German philologist Friedrich Schlegel suggested in the 19th century. The word is also related to the English word honour and Middle Irish "úr" meaning "fresh".
"Arya" is not a Turkish word but can be constructed using Turkish wordsThere is no "Arya" in Turkish but that word seems related to Turkish on multiple levels that simply discards any chance coincidence.
Perun, Slavic and Finno-Ugric god: Proto-Indo European -per "first" and Proto-Indo European -per "to strike"Perun is the highest god in Slavic mythology, the god of thunder and lightning.
The name Perun is said to derive from Proto-Indo-European "-per" which means to strike, same word as the Proto- Indo EUropean per, meaning first!
Turkish word "vur" is the same as Proto-Indo-European "-per" (like "pitar" and "vater" both mean father), and Turkish word "ur" also means to strike. Most interestingly, Chuvash which is Ugur Turkish language closer to Ugric languages has "per" which is exactly same as PIE per and Hungarian "verdi" with the same root means "to beat".
The ur/vur duality in Turkish, is parallel to the word for bee in Altaic languages because both "aruğ" and "paruğ" mean "bee". Both use the P/v prefix.
That's probably also why English "one" becomes "first" even though linguists do not connect "first" to PIE "per".
Uralic/Indo European word *waćara meaning hammer/axeThe Uralic/Indo European word "wacara" is the same as Turkish "keser" from reconstructed "uğasara(ğ)", hence becoming either Turkish "keser" or Uralic "wasara". The Uralic word is closer to the original sound while in Turkish the sound ğ solidified and became k. So the discussion which of these two languages is the source (Uralic or Indo-European) is ill-posed becase they both derive from another source: Turkish.
Turkish word "Keser" is constructed as "kes" meaning "to cut" and the Turkish noun-maker "er" and results in "keser" ("cutter") exactly like cut/cutter. Keser is a combination of axe and hammer.
There is more. Latin word "cassus" meaning "hollow" is said to derive from from Proto-Indo-European *ḱes- (to cut) which is the same as Turkish "kes" to cut.
Proto-Indo-European word kes- means to scrape, and Turkish counterpart is "kazı" (scrape) same as the Proto-Indo-European word and meaning the same. Note that cut and scrape are also conceptually related which reflects as "kes" and "kazı" in Turkish.
Roman word "Ceaser" for emperor may derive from the same word "keser/wacara".
If you wonder why it is "wacara" and not "wacar" like Turkish keser, the ending is formed by adding "ağ" as in the word in Slavic mythology Vyraj ‘paradise’ formed from per/vur+ağ. (ağ becoming -ya or -ay).
Finnish "osa" part, may be related to "uğas/kes" with the drop of the "ğ" sound. (also see Hánćas .
Almost noone in Turkey is interested in Ataturk or history, or languages, or my writingsMy website attracts a lot of visitors and the visitor numbers are increasing year after year, month after month, and almost all from outside Turkey, looking for original and truthful content (to the best of my knowledge of course, when I notice any mistake, I correct it).
I do not write my books in Turkish because I thought noone would read them in Turkey. After three years, I translated my first book to Turkish and only sold five copies, that's the proof. Not only that, I was met with fierce criticism from ultranationalists, Wall Street type liberals, fake Ataturkists who are not only ignorant but almost take pride in their ignorance, and needless to say from those who support the government. Reason: I am a real Ataturkist who follow his "Freedom and Liberty is My Character" saying, who supports secular social state and real entrepreneurship at the same time, like Ataturk did.
The West told the people in Turkey since decades that Ataturk's interest in Sun Language Theory, Sumerian Turks etc. are totally baseless and since almost everyone in Turkey betrayed Ataturk, noone even wants to hear about these long forgotten ideas. Why? because their salaries depend on supporting Western Neocon lies.
I am writing about Sumerian Turks, ancient Turks who are unrelated to the people living in Turkey, so that might be a reason too. Some ultranationalist even told me that Turks are warriors not civilization founders. That is true for the ancestors of the people living in Turkey, but I am writing about ancient Turks and I am against all those ultras and rightwing NATO types and openly say so as a real leftist, and this does not sit well with them.
Some of the worst are the academics in Turkey who know nothing about Turkish language, history and are not interested yet they call themselves Turkologists, historians, archaeologists or whatever social field professor they are. They have their salaries no matter what and that's about it.
Still, I have a few readers in the US, Europe (Finland and Spain including Basque especially) and Russia, and that is great!
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Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
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Sun Language TheoryTurkish academics say whatever the West tells them to say and there are too few people interested in history or languages in Turkey.
After Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)