By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on March 20, 2019, Updated April 19, 2019
The Biggest Shock after big shocks: Ancient DNA study from Spain shows Steppe people spoke a non-Indo-European language(s)First of all, congratulations to Iñigo Olalde the lead author, and the Harvard team lead by David Reich and all the international scholars from around the world who contributed to this study: The genomic history of the Iberian Peninsula over the past 8000 years.
The study had been devastating for those who believed that Indo-European languages were born in the Pontic-Caspian steppes per Kurgan Theory. It has been a shock for those academics, archaeologists, linguists, authors, bloggers who have been pushing this theory against all existing evidence.
The study is heralding a sea change in the field of linguistics and history. ("I told ya so" edit: published in November 2018, Game over for the Steppe Theory! Indo-European Homeland Proven!)
Another Western Mediterranean genetics study published just days after Iberian DNA genetics studyThis is not only in line with the previous one but also confirm my research of 6 years and my my books among them The Origins of Ancient Greece, The Etruscans and Rome and English was Turkish: Sumerian roots of Indo-European Languages
See the latest genetics study results at The Arrival of Steppe and Iranian Related Ancestry in the Islands of the Western Mediterranean in March 2019, Fernandes et. al.
Below is a broad graphic representation of the confirmed Bronze Age migration history of Europe: (based on The Arrival of Steppe and Iranian Related Ancestry in the Islands of the Western Mediterranean, March 2019. ).
All genetics studies published in the last few years continue to offer further support to my research! See my map below from 2 years ago.
(Click to see full sized image)
Time to put Steppe Theory on the origin of Indo-European languages in a Kurgan / TumulusLet's summarize two groundbreaking revelations from this study:
1- The steppe people, Bell Beakers with haplogroup R1b (R1b-P312), spoke a non-Indo-European language. At the very least, a major group among them spoke a non Indo-European language. This puts the one before the last nail in the coffin of the Steppe theory.
2- The second discovery is equally very important, and in fact not only supports the above but also shows the people who spread Indo-European languages in Southern Europe came from the Eastern Mediterranean. This is indicated by the prominence of haplogroup J in Greek colonies in Spain, Italy and similarity of the Mycenanean genetic makeup to the Spanish Greek colony's.
These genetic study results like many other ground-breaking studies published in the last few years reconfirm my books among them English was Turkish: Sumerian roots of Indo-European Languages.
There is more.
For the first time in history it will be possible to link an ancient group at a point in time to a language in the absence of written records!
This was my claim when, more than a month before the publication of the study I had tweeted Iosif Lazaridis from the Harvard Med team:
I had laid out all the evidence including linguistics long before this study confirmed it. I had said that the Steppe people in the Mycenaeans did not speak an Indo-European language. I know which language they spoke :)
PIE home Taurus/Zagros, ancestral Caucasus."
This tweet was in response to Wang et. al. study which supported the research I had published over the last few years. I have firm evidence, archaeological, mythological and linguistic that the Steppe people among the Mycenaeans spoke a non-Indo-European language and I have identified this language!
This tweet has been validated by the Olalde study, that the Steppe people spoke a non-Indo-European language.
Kurgan is a Turkish word with Sumerian etymology perfectly in line with its mythological function. Latin word Tumulus used as a synonym for kurgan, also has Sumerian Turkish etymology.
Linguistics and Genetics, now's a great time to combine them!I have written multiple times that genes and languages rarely correlate. On the other hand, it is not only possible but also plausible to construct linguistic changes via migration information derived from genetics studies.
I will give one firm example.
Which language Haplogroup J spoke?This seems like a trivial question. "The bearers of haplogroup J spoke many different languages" you might say and you would be right. I now would like to fine-tune my question, which languages did some of the Haplogroup J bearers speak and when did they speak these languages?
The Mycenaean J spoke Indo-European languages. Now, we have the proof since the Spanish Empurias colony of Greek speakers from Phocae Turkey who were originally from Phokis Greece had overwhelming percentage of haplogroup J among the tested samples. Moreover, these Ancient Greek colonists in Spain were found to be similar to Mycenaeans of 1000 years ago who also spoke Greek, an Indo-European language.
Yet, we know that at archaeological sites of Kura-Araxes who is known to be related to the Uğur (Hurrians), Arslantepe Malatya burials known to be related to Hurrians, Lake Urmia Hajji Firuz site related to the Hurrians, Levant North related to the Hurrians, haplopgroup J is found. Hatti speakers also had haplogroup J. Overall, we can say that Caucasian and Iran related ancestry has haplogroup J among others.
Moreover J is associated with Afroasiatic speakers as well.
And J spoke originally an Ugur Turkish (Hurrian, Sumerian) language. You may also see J among Chuvash speakers in Russian Urals. Chuvash is the only extant Ugur Turkish language who was previously classified as a Turkified Finno-Ugric language and is close to Sumerian. Sumerian is Ugur Turkish, both R-Altaic (Kenanidis) and Uralic (Parpola).
Thanks to Sun Language Theory that I have proven, using linguistic information and genetics together, we will be able to see which J hablogroup subclade spoke which language, and where, and when, including possible switch to another language.
Needless to say when I mention haplogroup J, I actually use it as a general marker of the people from West Asia, agriculturalists and hunter gatherers, Iran, Caucasus and Eastern Turkey. They had mixed with steppe people bearers of R1b and Q hablogroups in Central Asia and Iran.
I am sure and certain that some Sumerians will be proven to bear R1b and Q haplogroups.
Sumerian Migrations on Eurasian Map click on the map for the article and full size image
The best examples will be the Bronze Age and Iron age migrations. We will be able to track linguistic changes in history even in times and places where no written records exist. Moreover, it will also be possible to follow the changes in Indo-European languages and reconstruct the development of each Indo-European language using language and genetic data together.
All of these are possible now. Deep analysis will provide information on subtle details and interactions among Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages.
Genes and languages stongly correlate at the beginning of human linguistic development and the subsequent migrations. That would be Siberia and ANE/ANS populations.
It will be possible to construct the language of ANE (Ancient North Eurasians, 24000 BC) using multiple languages including Sumerian Turkish, Native American languages among others. I have shown that Sun Language will be very close to ancient Ugur / Ugat Turkish.
(Click to read the article and see full size image)
Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
Sumerian Turkish > Ugur/Gur Turkish (Hurrian) > Etruscan / Turuk > Latin > Spanish/French/Italian/PortugueseFrom my November 2017, Hurrians founders of Ancient Greece, you may see the linguistic progression of the Romance branch or Indo-European languages from Sumerian and Hurrian. Details can be found in my books.
See the maps from my Etruscan origins proven! article among them:
Who would have seen this coming?Me. Years ago.
English word Me = Men in Turkish. Note how similar they are. The English word "man" which sounds exactly the same as the Turkish word "men" which means "me". Inadvertantly, I gave a big tip to the feminists of the world to build a case on linguistic grounds that "men are egoistic pigs": "Feminists of the world, unite and make a linguistic case". Hope I'm not opening Pandora's box here.
I had shown in detail how this, the fact that Indo-European languages are born in Eastern Turkey / Taurus mountains, Northwest Iran / Zagros and Caucasus, happened using archaeological, mythological, linguistic and genetics information. Everyone who claimed that Indo-European was a mountain language was correct. Unfortunately, I do not know more than a few people who had made such an important remark in Indo-European linguistics. I would be pleased to add their names to the ones I have already mentioned.
Sun Language TheoryAfter Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today. Certainly there is no Turkologist or historian or any academic in Turkey knowledgeable in the history of Turkish languages or the history of the Turkish people, or history in general.
(Click on the image for the answer)
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)