By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on October 11, 2019 and Updated on October 19, 2019
PART V: Is it the Caucasus mountains or the Taurus / Zagros ? Indo-European Homeland Proven!
PART IV: English, Greek, Latin and other Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
PART III: Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus
PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish.
PART I: Original Homeland of the Indo-Europeans
- Major genetics news (March 2019) from Spain! Science has beaten history books once more, and the results fully support my theories, books and articles on the origin of Indo-European languages! The spread of Indo-European languages: genetic evidence, haplogroup info suggests Sumerian and Hurrian origins With special emphasis on the linguistic affiliations of Haplogroup J and R1b who migrated with J.
The words "foot" and Turkish "ayak" sound completely different, but can they be related? The answer : Words for foot and leg in world languages
Etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
Irish òglachUsed for volunteer today, the Irish word òglach is from Old Irish Óglaigh. It meant "young male" and "warrior".
Wiktionary says it's from Oc (young) + ach (suffix meaning relating to), while Wikipedia article for Gallowglass (Irish mercenaries) says the word is formed with "oac" (meaning "youth") and Old Irish lóeg (meaning "calf" but later was used for hero).
"Oğlak" meant child, young male in Turkish, as well as young goat, and written just like the Irish word.
Is that a coincidence?
Ever wonder the origins of the word "kid" which meant "young goat", and how it came to be used for "child" ? Wonder no more!
UhlanAccording to Wiktionary German "Uhlan" means "a lancer in a former light cavalry unit of the Polish, Prussian/German, Austrian, and Russian armies". Per Merriam-Webster, the word is named after Tatar lancers, from Turkish "oğlan", which initially meant "child", later "son", and then "young male", and "warrior".
oğlan > uhlan
See Wiktionary for "uhlan" and Meriam Webster for "uhlan"
English Clan, Irish Clann, Old Irish ClandAccording to Wiktionary clan has the following etymology: "Borrowed from Scottish Gaelic clann (“offspring, children of the family”), from Old Irish cland, from Old Welsh plant, from Latin planta (“shoot, offspring”). "
That's a bit ridiculous. Old Irish "cland" and Welsh "plant" as well as Latin "planta" are related but the word "clan" is not derived from "plant", rather both derived from the same ancestral word. The relationship is not derivational. Rather, the words are sisters.
In 1876, in his Etruscan Language British author Isaac Taylor has suggested that the Etruscan word "clan" meant "son" and that it was related to Turkish "oglan" (son). He had also noticed that Etruscan "seo/sec" (sech) meant daughter. Compare Etruscan "sec" to Greek "tek" (beget, birth) Turkish "doğ"/"soğ"(birth,lineage), Proto-Indo-European "su" (birth), Sumerian "suğ" (grow, multiply) as I have shown in my article: etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
In his book, Isaac Taylor has suggested that Etruscans were Turkic (Ugric, Uygur, Turanian).
Turkish words for child and son: Oğul, Oğlan and OğlakOğ+ul= Oğul (child, later strictly son)
Oğ+ul+an = Oğlan (child, later strictly son)
Oğ+ul+ak= Oğlak (child, later strictly son, young goat) See: Etymology of the words goat and kid
Look at the root "Oğ" in all three words which mean "family, tribe, kinship" in Turkish. Same as Sumerian "Uğ" which means people.
There is more.
Ağ+ul = Ağıl means stables where sheep and goats are kept ("ahır" largely used for big animals). Hence, we see the same word "Oğ/Ağ" to be used for both animals and people, like our pets are part of our family today. This is also apparent in "oğlak" with dual meaning for both "young goat" and "young son, young man". Same as why the word kid (young goat) is used for child
It's part of the family and clan words.
This same word, "Ağul" can be seen in Ancient Greek:
αὐλή - (aulḗ) Which means courtyard, chamber, house. Note the "ğ" disappears just like it does in some Turkish words and in Indo-European languages.
The word "avlu" (courtyard) is also found in Turkish just like "ağul/ağıl" it derives from. Hence, the connection extends to Ancient Greek too, but its etymology is not established in Wiktionary as noone considers the Turkish word as a root. Needless to say the meaning of this Ancient Greek word as "house, chamber" is perfectly in line with the whole family/clan concept.
In Greek mythology, Augeas was known for his stables. His name matches Ancient Greek Aule, Turkish Ağıl in both sound and meaning. The -as in Augeas is a typical Indo-European suffix, hence the root is "Auge". Augeas is known from the fifth labor of Hercules! (Fifth Labor of Hercules, the Augean stables )
The word "ağul/avul" is also found in Mongolian with similar meanings. Mongolian "ayıl" meaning village, neighborhood, Turkish "ağ/av" meaning village, see Avul iyesi.
Does any of that surprise you? Well, it is now genetically known, since 2017, that Myceanean Greeks (1800-1200 BC) had 5-15% Eurasian Steppes/Siberian DNA. Read more on Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece: Minoan, Mycenaean and Classical Greece
As you can see below, all of the Irish, English, Etruscan words derive from Turkish:
Oğlan > Glan > Clan (Etruscan, Irish, English, Latin )
Oğlak > Oglaigh Old Irish, òglach Irish
The English dimunitive suffix "-ock" is the same as the Turkish dimunitive suffix "-ak" as seen in Oğlak! Moreover "ak" is not only a dimunitive suffix in Turkish but has "relating to" meaning too, just like in Irish "-och".
Not only the root, but the suffix also matches.
Read the "Manifestation of Mythology, Religion, State and Empire Founding in Languages From Sumerian and modern Turkish Ug/Ag/Aug/Og, to Etruscan Augur, Latin Augeo, and the First Roman Emperor Augustus " and also Etymology of daughter, milker, child, tribe, family, clan
You can find a lot more in my books.
Compare Old Irish "úa", Scottish Gaelic "ogha" and Turkish and Sumerian "uğ"Old Irish word "úa" means grandson, descendant This word compares very well with both Turkish and Sumerian "uğ" (people, kinship family) and Turkish oğul (son) both in sound and meaning . And confirms my reconstruction of the "wa" sound in water as "uğa", see Water, Father, Mother.
And that's not all, per Wiktionary, its descendants, Irish: "ó / ua", Manx "oe", Scottish Gaelic "ogha" mean the same "grandchild".
Irish Ó means “grandson of” and is Anglicized as O' as seen in last names such as O'Neill.
See how the original sound can be reconstructed as "uğ" and "uğa" (similar to Gaelic ogha). The original "ğ" either disappears or becomes "gh".
Old Irish úa in Wiktionary is listed as "From older aue, from Primitive Irish ᚐᚃᚔ (avi), from Proto-Celtic *awyos (perhaps compare Welsh wyr), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ewh₂yos. Cognate with Old Prussian awis, Latin avus, Gothic 𐌰𐍅𐍉 (awō) and Old Armenian հաւ (haw)."
Since ğ > v transformation is well established the relationship between Gaelic ogha and Latin "avus" becomes clearer, -s being the Indo-European suffix. Ağ > av is established in Turkish and Mongolian too as seen above and the "-s" in Latin "avus" is the Indo-European suffix. Similarly, Gothic 𐌰𐍅𐍉 (awō), Primitif Irish "avi" are all related at the roots.
Proto-Indo-European reconstruction in Wiktionary, h₂éwh₂os for "maternal grandfather" and "maternal uncle", show similar descendants. Among them the Hittite word for grandfather is the most interesting because Hittite is the oldest Indo-European language known from written records:
Hittite ḫu-uḫ-ḫa-as (grandfather). Note that just like in Sumerian we see a word duplication but a modified one.
In Sumerian the word for father "ağa" (also read as aija the Uralic word for father, aya) becomes ağa+ağa= ağağa (ayaya) grandfather with word duplication. In Hittite it is "ḫuḫḫa-" or ḫu-uḫ-ḫa-as. The "ḫ" sound is very close to Turkish "ğ" and Turkish "uğ" to Hittite "uḫ", in meaning too. "uḫ" and "as" have similar function.
The names Celtic, Keltoi, Galat, Gaul and the root "Kel"In the article, The origins of the name Celtic we see these remarks:
"the Celts were known by several other names, such as Gaul, Keltoi, Galat or Galad, and Wahl or Wal."
And then it refers to "the theory that the words Kelti and Galat started with an older "w".
At this point, I should mention a seminal paper by famed Finnish Assyriogist Simo Parpola on Sumerian Uralic word comparison results presented in 2007, to the World Assyriology Congress in Moscow. Parpola's article is written in a very simple language, and anyone can read it. The article is hosted on the most comprehensive Turkish history website (apart from SumerianTurks) and was established by Russian scholars, Anatole Klyosov and Norm Kisamov.
Parpola makes a very important observation: how in Finnish and Sumerian, a missing labiovelar (kw) was replaced by the "g/k" and "b" sounds in Sumerian and "v" sounds across the Uralic languages and this shows a genetic relationship between Sumerian and Uralic languages including Finnish. Hence, he establishes the equivalence of "g/k" or "b" and "v" or "p".
The sound "wa" is equivalent of "uğa" in "water. So Uğal or Oğul (son) could be the source of both "Kel" and "Gaul". In Sumerian, "lugal" (lu+gal) means king and "gal", big.
And Icelandic private name "Egil" in "Egil's saga" seem related.
Ogham scriptOgham alphabet was used to record text in Old Irish between 3rd and 6th century AD. It was also used to write in Latin, Welsh, and Pictish.
Ogham is pronounced "oɣam", like Turkish Oğam. Turkish "ğ" is usually represented with "gh" in English like Oğur > Oghur Listen here for the pronounciation. The sound existed in Old English but later disappeared.
Irish god Ogma and Celtic equivalent Ogmios are related.
Oğam would be Oğ+am and similar to "homo" (man) in Latin.
Etymology of Latin homo from Wiktionary:
"From earlier hemō, from Proto-Italic *hemō, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰm̥mṓ (“earthling”), from *dʰéǵʰōm (“earth”), whence Latin humus. Cognates include Old Lithuanian žmuõ (“man”), Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰 (guma) and Old English guma (“man”)."
Compare Gothic "guma" with Old Irish "oğam".
Also the Ancient Greek γάμος (gamos) which we find in the English word "monogamy" with exact same stem as "oğam" as in "gamo+os" and means marriage! There is more. "mu/mi" means woman and "ama" means mother in Sumerian. Hence uğ+am+os (kinship+woman+plural marker) > gamos as marriage/family can be seen in the syllables that make up the word! One can see other Indo-European words similar to "gamos" in Proto-Indo-European construction for ǵem-, to marry
Genetics info published on March 22, 2018: Many Early East Germanic (Eastern Goth / Ostrogoth, Gepid) Noble Women from 500 AD were Turks from Central Asia See: East Germanic DNA in Bavaria
Both in Afroastic (adam, adama) and Indo-European (homo, humus) the word for man and earth sound alike and this was found in Sumerian beliefs that humans were made of mud/earth. "Ki", the word for earth in Sumerian is found in "geo" in Greek as in geography. "Kişi" (ki+şi) means people in Turkish. Dişi (di+şi) is found as a non-Indo-European word in some Indo-European languages and means the same as in Turkish, female. (Dişi and goat found in Non-Indo-European root nouns in Germanic: evidence in support of the Agricultural Substrate Hypothesis)
Comparison of Latin and Turkish pronouns and other comparisonsLate professor of Turcology, Vecihe Hatiboğlu, the only academic to have gone in the footsteps of Ataturk (maybe Osman Nedim Tuna could be added with major reservations) compared favorably Latin and Turkish pronouns, Latin "qu?"/Turkish "ka?" question words, some suffixes like "al" and some words in her 1974 article Turkce'deki eklerin kokeni.
Have a look at the table below from her short article:
|1st person singular||Men||Me|
|2nd person singular||Sen||Te|
|3rd person singular||Ol||ille, illa, illud|
|1st person plural||Miz||Nos|
|2nd person plural||Siz||Vos|
|3rd person plural||Ol-lar||ille, illa ...|
As you can see above, the pronouns are almost identical. Plural marker is the same in both languages "z in Turkish / s in Latin", s and z are equivalent in sound and meaning I have shown. Turkish singular pronouns are me+n, se+n, and plural ones are me+z, and se+z. Hence the roots are almost identical in Latin and Turkish (me and te/se) and the transformation of t > s is well established.
This is not a Latin-Turkish thing only, though Latin-Turkish pronouns are quite close. It is shared across continents, see M-T pronouns (m,n,t) suggested by Johanna Nichols and David A. Peterson. m-t pronoun languages on world map This is a very important grouping of pronouns over Eurasia, Americas and Africa and holds across language families! And this fits genetics migratşon data current as of October 2019.
As a last note on the Latin-Turkish comparison, seemingly the most distinct are "siz" and "vos" as there is no sound change from s to v. That, I have explained in my books that "us" and "uğ" do correspond to each other and "ğ" does become "v". The "ğ" shows that French "autre" (other) compares with Latin vostar (=vos+tar "you").
Latin had the subject-object-verb order just like in Turkish before the subject-verb-order that is associated with Indo-European languages.
Totem is the emblem of a clan. The word comes from Ojibwe, an Algonquian language spoken by the Native Americans of Canada and American Nothern Midwest. It means both totem and clan in Ojibwe.
The word in Ojibwe is "doodem" but an initial "o" is constructed as well as an "an"): (o)doodem(an)
Note that the word consists of t/d and m (just like the m-t pronouns): odoodem. Furthermore I suggest there is a missing "ğ":
od+oğ+od+am= Odoğodam (fire/sun + people + fire/sun + mother/life in Sumerian -Turkish) Irish Oğam or Ogham is part of the word compound when "od" is removed.
Native Americans are Siberians who migrated some 17000-12000 years ago and Indo-Europeans have their roots in Sİberia too!
Non-Indo-European Substrate in Germanic languagesKnown since almost a century, this is a little discussed fact in Western linguistics and history. The existence of non-Indo-European words in Germanic languages like English does not get much spotlight.
In response to a Quora question, How much of the Proto-Germanic lexicon can be described as probably non-Indo-European there is a good answer that recaps different positions held by scholars, (the answers between 0-60%), and Beekes' estimate of 60% is closer to truth.
Even Guus Kroonen, a staunch Indo-Europeanist, cannot deny the existence of such a substrate. See here Non-Indo-European root nouns in Germanic: evidence in support of the Agricultural Substrate Hypothesis
In it, he also mentions other scholars' works that the non-Indo-European substrate in ancient Greek language estimated by some scholars to be 50% is related to Pre-Germanic substance.
This has been my position, all along.
For example see this from my article on Bull, Ox and Taurus
" Wikipedia says: Cú Chulainn shows striking similarities to the legendary Persian hero Rostam, as well as to the Germanic Lay of Hildebrand and the labours of the Greek epic hero Heracles, suggesting a common Indo-European origin, but lacking in linguistic, anthropological and archaeological material."
"lacking in linguistic, anthropological and archaeological material"? Wrong! There is even more Sumerian sky bull Gugalanna is quite similar to Irish Cú Chulainn ! I have shown all the connections in Bull, Ox and Taurus.
From my article: Sumerian influence on Ancient Greece.
"This idea was first suggested by the German linguist Paul Kretschmer in his 1896 book "Einleitung in die Geschichte der griechischen Sprache (Introduction to the History of the Greek Language)" where he suggested that Indo-European languages were influenced by non-Indo-European languages, such as Etruscan. By analyzing place names in Greece, he showed that a non-Indo-European civilization preceded the Greeks."
(Click to read the article and see full size image)
Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
(Click on the image for the answer)
Sun Language TheoryTurkish academics say whatever the West tells them to say and there are too few people interested in history or languages in Turkey.
After Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)