By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on September 13, 2019
PART V: Is it the Caucasus mountains or the Taurus / Zagros ? Indo-European Homeland Proven!
PART IV: English, Greek, Latin and other Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
PART III: Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus
PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish.
PART I: Original Homeland of the Indo-Europeans
- Major genetics news (March 2019) from Spain! Science has beaten history books once more, and the results fully support my theories, books and articles on the origin of Indo-European languages! The spread of Indo-European languages: genetic evidence, haplogroup info suggests Sumerian and Hurrian origins With special emphasis on the linguistic affiliations of Haplogroup J and R1b who migrated with J.
Etymology of ox, taurus, sheep, pig, goat, kid, lamb, French coche, Latin asinus etc.The formation of human populations in South and Central Asia shows migration of Bronze Age Yamnaya people.
In order to further understand the linguistic affiliation of the Steppe people, I would like to do a short etymological expose. The big five domestic animals ox/bull, sheep, goat, pig were probably domesticated before the appearance of Indo-European languages. Horse was domesticated at around 3500 BC, much later than the others. Still it is not known whether Indo-European languages were spoken when horse was domesticated.
Let's look at the origins of some of the words for domestic animals in English, French and Latin. Since English is a Germanic language this covers many Indo-European languages.
The word "dog" is of unknown origins. The word "cat" is listed either of AfroAsiatic or Uralic origins, but this is disputed.
English word "donkey" is of uncertain origins. See Wiktionary entry for donkey Another word used for donkey, ass derives from Latin asinus (donkey) but this is a loanword into Latin: "asinus traces back to an unknown substrate source in Asia Minor (compare Hieroglyphic Luwian tarkasna, Sumerian 𒀲 (anšu), Old Armenian էշ (ēš))."
Wiktionary says the word "pig" derives from Old English picga which is listed as of unknown origins. Hence the word pig is of unkown origins.
The word sheep is of unknown origins.
Wiktionary says "perhaps from the same Scythian word (compare Ossetian цӕу (cæw, “goat”), Persian چپش (čapiš, “yearling goat”)) which was borrowed into Albanian as cjap, sqap (“he-goat”) and into Slavic (compare Polish cap)." But the Wiktionary article for Albanian word cjap lists "from Turkic *čepiš (“half-yearling kid”) (whence Persian چپش (čapiš, “yearling kid”), Azeri çəpiş). Lent Romanian țap. Doublet of sqap, with initial s- identical to Germanic (see sheep)." Mention of Turkish cepis is missing in the Wiktionary article for "sheep".
Goat is of an unidentified non-Indo-European language:
"From Middle English gote, goot, got, gat, from Old English gāt, from Proto-Germanic *gaits, from a substrate language."
kid, young of a goat is is of uncertain origins. Wiktionary have some suggestions but without further origins discussions and there is no PIE reconstruction page as it is disputed:
"From Middle English kide, from Old Norse kið (“young goat”), from Proto-Germanic *kidją, *kittīną (“goatling, kid”), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *gʰaidn-, *ǵʰaidn- (“goat”) or Proto-Indo-European *gidʰ- (“kid, goatling, little goat”). Compare Swedish and Danish kid, German Kitz and Kitze, Albanian kedh and kec."
Latin "equus" (horse) is connected to PIE "h₁éḱwos" but its origins is disputed.
Latin "caballus" (horse) is of unknown origins but several suggestions exist.
French "coche" (piglet), agneau (lamb), mouton (sheep) are of uncertain or unknown origins.
The words "ox", "bull", "cattle", "ewe" (Latin ovis), "horse" do have PIE reconstructions.
The word for bull and constellation "taurus" is connected to either Afro-Asiatic "tawros" or both are suggested to be from an unknown origin.
Most if not all of the etymologies for both unknown and disputed languages can be constructed using principles I have listed in my books. I have already suggested Turkish and Sumerian etymologies for many of the above. Moreover, many of reconstructed PIE words can be readily found in Turkish and Sumerian vocabularies. Some of them are too obvious Albanian "kec" is listed for English "kid" but Turkish "keci" is quite obvious as is Hungarian "gida". Other etymologies are not obvious and they need to be carefully reconstructed, but that exercise certainly can provide additional migration information if used with the migration info obtained from genetics.
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Origin and Spread of Languages on Eurasian Map based on Genetics Research and my books as of May 2019. The world's first known language Sumerian was favorably compared to many linguistic families in Eurasia and America. Comparing ancient Sumerian migration routes constructed from ancient genome studies to these languages will give the opportunity to trace back world languages to a common language spoken some 20000 years ago. read more
(Click on the image for the answer)
Sun Language TheoryTurkish academics say whatever the West tells them to say and there are too few people interested in history or languages in Turkey.
After Ataturk's death in 1938, Western propaganda arms told people in Turkey: "Nothing to see here, go find your written history records in Asia." And everyone in Turkey obeyed because, maybe except a few people out of tens of millions, there was no real Ataturkist in Turkey back then, just like today.
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)