By Mehmet Kurtkaya, Published on November 11, 2018, Updated April 14, 2019
BREAKING NEWS UPDATE 2019: Major genetics research paper from Spain published in March, 2019! Science has beaten history books once more, and the results fully support my theories, books and articles on the origin of Indo-European languages! The results shocked many Steppe Theory enthusiasts and many others who blindly accepted established theories. It's now time to put Steppe Theory in a kurgan!
Read more at: The spread of Indo-European languages: genetic evidence, haplogroup info suggests Sumerian and Hurrian origins With special emphasis on the linguistic affiliations of Haplogroup J and R1b who migrated with J.
The common ancestor of Basque, Japanese, Indo-European and Sumerian is Ugur Turkish
PART IV: English, Greek, Latin and other Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
PART III: Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus
PART II: Incontrovertible proof: Water, Father, and Mother: Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish.
PART I: Original Homeland of the Indo-Europeans
Indo-European Homeland Proven! Game over for the steppe theory
First, I should tell you that there are enough indications and evidence for the definitive Urheimat / Original homeland of the
Indo-Europeans in my books including Sun Language Theory Proven!
I should also add that there was a lot of indications for anyone interested in the subject, not a proof though, in the works of Ivanov, Gamkrelizadze, and Burney. I should even add Beekes too, though his work is not directed at this question in particular (as far as I know).
Mountain related terms from Ivanov and Gamkrelizadze shows the elaborateness of the mountain terms in Indo-European languages. Burney's work on Hurrians and Indo Europeans has a lot to offer. I have shown that some of his observations offer great insight. See PART I: Original Homeland of the Indo-Europeans
It's game over for the Steppe TheoryThe word Kurgan is Turkish and can be derived from Sumerian language. Moreover, kurgans and pyramids are related and those who built them spoke an agglutinative SOV language I have shown: well, Sumerian Turks to be exact, but Hurrians are Ugur Turks like the Sumerians. I have explored this in great detail already, so I won't get into details here.
Mountain ranges: Caucasus or the Taurus / Zagros ?It is a contest between the two, and the answer can be easily derived by using Sun Language principles that I have already established in my books. For the quick etymology of Taurus and Zagros see English, Greek, Latin and other Indo-European Languages derive from Turkish
Caucasus is known as the original Hurrian / Kura Araxes land though it is more than likely that they had traveled there from the Taurus mountains before moving back south, 5000 years ago! Arslantepe, Malatya is also important as a religious center with its location near the Taurus mountains and quite probable as one of the centers of "Indo-Europeanization".
So which one is it?
There is too much evidence in terms of archaeology, genetics and linguistics, and I had already given the answer in The origins of Ancient Greece, the Etruscan, and Rome but I will give one linguistic proof:
Caucasus is KauğKausus from Ağa+uğ+Ağa+us+us, and Taurus is from Tauğurus formed by Ta+Uğ+Ur+us.
In the word Caucasus one can easily see the two groups of people: Ağaus and Ağauğ. The additional "us" is the late emphasis found in pre-Greek ancient city names in the form of -sus and -ssus in Anatolia and Greece.
Uğ and Us actually represent two groups of the same people, one in the process of Indo-Europeanization: -us.
Centum and Satem languages can be easily seen in the name Caucasus written correctly Kaug+Kaus+usHence the etymology written as kauğ+kaus+us shows that these Centum and Satem language variety speaking people were together in the Caucasus mountains! Which fits perfectly with Turkish roots of Indo_European.
Turkish guttural "ğ" become c, k, h etc. while "s" did not go through changes other than being replaced at times. And let's not forget that Etruscans and Mycaenaeans traveled from the same area in Eastern Turkey hence Latin is centum, with variations of uğ, in their language, while languages spoken in Iran and India were satem! They stayed behind.
I had already shown the equivalence of Turkish "uğ" and Indo-Europeanized "us" and that "us" was also in -ssos, sos, -sa city endings. Caucasia, Iran Urmia basin, Malatya, Arslantepe and of course the Taurus mountains are regions where Indo-Europeanization took place!
Hence the Hittites actually did not come from very far, they were living in the area, though they mixed with the people coming from the Steppes!
The stems which are used both as prefix and suffix, "uğ" and "us" can be seen in important words: See their equivalence in Latin "bos" (cow) Turkish "Boğa" (bull). More info on this can be seen in my articles and books!
Proto-Indo-European reconstructionThe sounds that are used in proto-Indo-European reconstructions are sounds that approximate Turkish "Uğ", and its derivatives, g, k and others. This is obvious in Centum languages: *kʷ *gʷ *gʷʰ
These are actually uğ, ağ, or uğa (approximated as wa) etc.
The sounds in Proto-Indo-European reconstructions don't have meanings by themselves, whereas they have meanings in Turkish and Sumerian Turkish and they also fit the meaning of the Indo European words they are parts of. This is an important difference and also is the reason why the meanings in proto-indo-european constructions have many errors while the sounds are correctly reconstructed.
Hence, as I suggested previously, Layrngeal theory must be corrected with Turkish ğ.
Common linguistic origin for the mountain ranges Caucasus, Taurus / Zagros ?The answer can be found in language: Caucasus is their ancestral mountain where this process started but Taurus is the mountain range where this process has continued. Since even in Taurus they were not fully Indo-Europeanized, at least in the beginning. Etruscan influence on Latin is a prime example of that. Etruscan was not an Indo-European language yet it had many of the features of the Indo-European Anatolian languages.
I can easily state that Taurus / Zagros mountain range is the Original Homeland of the Indo-European. And any location in Eastern Anatolia in between the Caucasus and the Taurus is part of this Indo-Europeanization process.
Let us look at Greek mythology which offers linguistic clues. The word for Greek primordial matter is Kaos (Ka+us) or Chaos. It is from Ağaus, part of the word Caucasia! Ağaus > ğaus> Chaos!
Ağa > ğa > Ga > Ka
Ağaus > Ka+us = Kaus
Ağa+uğ > Ağauğ > Kauğ > kau
There is also a very important phenomenon here, certainly not a coincidence. The word for the Taurus mountain range is the same as the word for bull in latin, Taurus. The word for the Caucasus range is the sum of the words for "cow" in English and Avestan ("gaus"), hence Cow. See the derivation of the words for cow in Indo-European languages in PART III: Sun and sky worship, its linguistic implications, the Bull cult and the words for Ox, Cow and Taurus . The derivation I have given above for Caus is also compatible with the derivation of "Caus" from the Sumerian word for bull. These two derivations are related at the roots.
Pelasgian word for mountain Kau is said to be the root of the word Kau. This is in line with the etymology I have given above and the area Etruscans and Mycenaean Greeks migrated from is Eastern Turkey.
Ancient genome from Minoans, Mycenaeans indicates that they have migrated from Anatolia, and have Caucasus and Iran ancestry. This matches perfectly with other modern and ancient genome research results since the 2000s, especially 2017 and 2018.
Read more on Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece: Minoan, Mycenaean and Classical Greece also see How I proved that Ugur Turks / Hurrians were the founders of Ancient Greece
The result was crystal clear 3 years ago, long before the ancient genome publications, in my books and articles but...
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included)