By Mehmet Kurtkaya, First Published on January 1, 2018, Updated on August 24, 2018
Manifestation of Mythology, Religion, State and Empire Founding in LanguagesCivilization migrated from East to West, from Siberia and Central Asia to India, the Middle East, Turkey, Europe and North Africa. There was also a northern route via the Russian plains, North of the Black Sea known as the Pontic Steppe, home to the Yamna culture.
However, one should note that it was the southern route that made the first advanced civilizations of the world: Sumerian, Indian, Egyptian, Hurrian/Hatti in Anatolia Turkey, Akkadian/Assyrian/Babylonian, Greek, Roman among others.
How did it happen?
Sumerian and Modern Turkish Uğ, Ağ, Aug, Oğ
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Note how the root words Uğ and Ur are foundational to Turkish society. The word Urug is Ur+Uğ/Ug, per additive property of the Turkish language.
From my latest book Sun Language Theory Proven: The Birth of Languages and Civilizations:
Uğ/Ug means people, lineage (kinship) in both Sumerian Turkish and modern Turkish. This word serves as root in Oğuz, Oğur Turks, two major Turkish population groups and Oğlan (first used for "child" later only for "son") as well as Oğul (son). Note older "u" vowel is replaced with the newer, "o".
It is a very important word -and word root- as its meaning clearly shows. Essential for population growth as well as founding and enlarging societies.
Note the "Uğ" sound is unique to Turkish and migrated to other languages in many different forms.
The initial vowel "u" was later dropped, and Ğ was replaced with H as in Hun, Hurrian etc. There is no H sound in ancient Turkish!
The root Uğ can be found in Etruscan (Tur+us+uk, ETurusk; Uğ>Uk) and in Latin words as in Augustus and Augur, in English "inauguration", August etc. as Aug (instead of Oğ): Ğ>G>K
Augean stables in Greek mythology were known for its 3000 cattle! One of Hercules' Olympian tasks was to kill Augeas ! The word Augeas is Ancient Greek for Oğaz (Turks). This word, Oğuz, can be found as oxus, ox in English, Turkish öküz (oxus is a very close sound and meaning). Note how the word for cattle is the same as Oğuz a result of the bull cult and cattle raising people. Only in Turkish the Greek word Augeas would be meaningful because the private name already means cattle/ox in Turkish!
Reconstructed Proto-Indo-European Augeo is Turkish Oğ in sound and meaning: kinship, people, lineage hence growth!
Ağ Lead, leader. It is used as root in Sumerian/Modern Turkish as in Ağa, Sumerian Ağar meadow, the root of the English as well many Indo-European and Latin words agriculture, acre etc.
Ağıl: Tribe, town, from Altai Oğuz Turkish.
Ağa can be found in Agamemnon, famed Mycenaean King!
Akkadian is derived from the word Agade hence Ag+Ada = Agade. Adda means father in Sumerian.
In Sumerian "a ağ" means command
Agar> Agrarian, Arable, Are, Hectare, Area
Ği/Gi/Ki/Qi =Ground, soil, earth and people. The consonant G/K is the most used and relates to the Asian spritual concept Qi, Chi.
Oğuz Turks were a collection of total 24 "boy" (the English word boy is derived from Turkish boy). Two unions highest in tribal hierarchy were Boz-ok and Üç-ok. Note the sound OK which means family, union and it is derived from Uğ! U>O and ğ>g>k. The original name of the Turks was Tur and Uk indicates the union, family of Tur.
In Turkish "oğlu" is used as a suffix in many Turkish last names. For example my maternal family's last name is Türkoğlu. It means son of Turk. In Slavic languages "ov, ova", In Georgian "vili", in Greek "poulo", and in English "ic" as in Italic seem to have derived from Uğ. In Hurrian king Kili-Tesshub, Kili is the same as Georgian Vili, Turkish Gil: son, kin of Tesshub.
Etruscan Augur, Latin Augeo, the First Roman Emperor AugustusLatin Augeo: increase, augment, enlarge, spread, expand. The major words for Empire Building!
Latin Augusti the root for Augustus: Majestic, imperial, royal, and the sixth month of the Roman calendar Augustan (pertaining to the Emperor Augustus)
See how central the Sumerian Turkish root word "Uğ" and Turkish "Oğ" (both Oğur and Oğuz Turkish) to Latin and Roman State and Empire building.
Etruscan Augur is listed as of unknown origin and Augeo is connected to a hypothetical reconstructed word from proto-indo-european in Western online dictionaries. And no connection is made between Etruscan Augur and Latin Augeo!
See the linguistic, genetic, artistic, mythological, archaeological proofs at the Origins of the Etruscans!
See more on Augustus, Augur and the word inauguration at: Sumerian Influence on Ancient Rome
Ugur Turks / Hurrians founders of Ancient Greece
Sumerian Influence on Ancient Greece
Uğ instead of Hu; Uğur instead of HuurThe sound ğ is between g and h and does not exist in Western languages, Indo-European and AfroAsiatic languages but it does exist in Sumerian the first known human language and Turkish!
Hu-ur-ri = Ug-ur is misread/misused in Western languages (European and AfroAsiatic) as Hurrian, Hurrite, Khurri, Churri etc. This is another proof that the sound "voiced g" is not stable in Western texts and is represented with h, kh or ch among others.
Some Western researchers assert that Afroasiatic languages Assyrian, Hebrew, Egyptian texts use the sound "h" while Indo-European Greeks uses the sound "kh" as the reason for of using "h" instead of "ğ". The answer is very simple: these languages do not have the ğ sound, they approximate it with the sounds their languages have. Misnamed Hurrian language has major differences from these two language groups, Indo European and Afroasiatic.
Sumerian Turkish and Turkish are existing, known and established languages, not some reconstructed hypothetical "proto-indo-european".
I have used two existing SOV and agglutinative languages to come up with the correct sound value:
Sumerian Turkish which is known to be related to (misnamed) Hurrian who were the northern neighbors of Sumerian, and Turkish. Both Turkish and Sumerian Turkish not only have the ğ sound but also "Uğ" for "people, kinship".
Did the Afroasiatic scribes wrote it as HU hence it needs sound correction like many other Sumerian words read through Akkadian? Or was it the mistake in reading the cuneiform tablets? The answer is probably both. Renowned German scholar Ilse Wegner's "Introduction to Hurrian" book published in 1999, mentions how in Mari texts one can't make any distinction between "h" and "ğ" sounds. This means a thorough investigation is necessary.
Another problem is that Huur is Anglicized as Hurrian just like Turuk is Anglicized as Turukkeans. These are English language additions and do not help research to say the least. Original words must be used since these names have intrinsic meanings.
That is why I have cited almost 10 TEN reasons why that sound should be "ğ" and not "h" in my articles and books. And Western scholars cited no reason why it is established as "h" instead of "ğ"!
Ugric, Ob-Ugric, Finno-UgricIsaac Taylor was the first person to show Etruscan to be Turkic and Ugric. What does Ugric mean? The word is exactly the same as the Ugur, Ogur Turkish. Ugor people are also known to have lived North of the Black Sea. Ugur from Byzantine records means the Huns.
Chuvash Turkish is the only remaining Oghur Turkish language, even though Hungarian is most likely a distant Ogur Turkish language.
The major so called "Phoenician" city of Ugarit and the Ugaritic LanguageThis city predates the so-called Phoenician period, and has a very important place in Near Eastern history for both its culture as well as the invention of the alphabet. Ugarit was established within the Hurrian area of Syria, near the Taurus mountains of Turkey.
Ugaritic is considered as Northwest Afroasiatic language. Interestingly, the names Ugar and Ugarit are not Afroasiatic. Let us note that Hurrian was the second most important language in this city state. Now, if we correct Hurrian to Uğur Turkish language then we may understand why the city is named Ugarit! Let us also note the city of Tur (Turk) in neighboring Lebanon and Tripoli in Syria.
Two Hurrian Loanwords in Ugaritic Texts mentions the existence of over 80 Hurrian words and morphemes in Ugaritic language.
Sudden CivilizationEvery major ancient civilization, from Sumerians to Mycenaeans, Etruscans to Minoans are known to have appeared suddenly. This can only be due to migrations. Genetic studies confirm this fact.
Sudden HierarchyArchaeologists observe sudden hierarchy in Mycenaean and Sumerian civilizations. The reason is "the state in motion".
State in MotionThe most important characteristics of the Turks can be found in the analysis of the Turuk (Turukkeans). At first researchers thought they were only nomads raiding Assyrian towns. Later they discovered that Turuk actually had kingdoms, polities and consisted of a federation of people with a complex political structure. Turks were nomads, semi-nomads and state/empire founding people. Not one or the other. Hence migration of Turks also brings state and city founding skills as well as cultural, religious and linguistic influence.
Mixing of the PeopleThis is one of the most important characteristic of the Turkish people and can be observed in all ancient civilizations: Sumerian-Akkadian, Hatti- Hittite, Greek-Ugur (Hurrian)- Etruscan-Roman etc. Turks are the most mixed people in history. It is the language and culture that is central to Turks.
Pre Greek Names in Turkey and GreeceIt known and well established since more than 100 years that the ancient city names in Turkey and Greece ending with with -ndos, nthos/-ntha, -sos, (s)sa, -na, belong to a civilization Pre-Greek, Pre Indo-European. See more at: Ugur Turks / Hurrians founders of Ancient Greece
These ancient names can mostly be traced back to Ugur Turuk and "Luwian" mixing.
Occurence of the word Ug, Ur, Tur, Tar, Um in addition to other religious namesUR is a very basic word related to population growth, the structure and formation of societies just like UG. Ur is also the basis of the ancient Turkish word URUG known from Orhun scripts, and it means the base/grouping of the collection of families. (Urug=Ur+Ug, base/collection of families plus people) Ug is known from Sumerian and it means people just like in Turkish. Also note Ur(um) and Uruk/Urug were very important Sumerian cities.
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Map from my book "Sun Language Theory Proven: The Birth of Civilizations and Languages"
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Discover groundbreaking revelations on the roots of modern civilization in one short book. How did we arrive to where we are? How ancient civilizations a world apart, Sumer and Maya were connected. An overview that covers a wide range of topics from human migrations 50000 years ago to Gobeklitepe, the first temple in history, the first matriarchal society with written records, Elam, and to the Sun Cult of the Hattis. Their origins and influence on other ancient civilizations including their neighbors, distant relatives: Ancient Egypt, Ancient Greece, Hurrian, Scythian, Oguz, Kassite, Gutian, Hyksos and more. (Many of my articles on this website included.)